Install Debian Linux on Intel and AMD hardware using amd64 (4:49)
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Welcome. Today's question: How do you install Debian Linux on Intel and AMD hardware using amd64?
I'm Paul, and this is getting exciting, we almost have our local playground built, one that'll help us go farther, more quickly.
Here's the outline. First the background for how we got here, meaning we have the proper Debian installation image for our hardware, and here's mine (a Lenovo ThinkCentre computer), saved on the installation media of choice (a flash USB drive), as covered in the previous two tutorials. There are too many to cover here, so consider this an introduction.
I'll take notes in Linux, covering scenearios and describe the installation screens you're likely to see. And next, we'll cover the secure shell.
Okay, so here is my local server, after I set it up using the process
we will cover here. (Here we take notes in
First, select an image for your hardware. There are eight architecture types, offerings for 32 and 64-bit chips, plus different releases 6, 7, and 8 here.
I'm erasing Windows from my Lenovo hardware and installing amd64, designed for Intel and AMD chips.
Second, create media by taking one of three paths, you can run Debian straight from a storage device, called a Live System, or download an image to CD/DVD, or boot from a USB flash drive, as I am here.
I started with the net install image (netinst.iso) and made it bootable in tutorial 6 (the previous tutorial).
Third is the installation.
Because our hardware is likely different, I'll describe what you might see.
First, right after it is powered up and before the GUI automaticaly
loads, your computer gives you 2 seconds or so to push a specified
F2 commonly) taking you to a Setup
I should mention, there are two boot standards, an older one called BIOS, and the more recent UEFI, since 2014, and found on newer computers. Navigate yours until you find the option to change the boot sequence. Some boot to multiple operating systems this way.
You will want to point the boot sequence to your chosen media device. Then, if you are successful you'll see the Debian logo.
Using the arrow keys select the
installation method. Here I selected
Install, the basic one, because I
prefer everything on the Server to be text-based, opting to use
Windows and macOS for my GUI-based needs, on my laptop.
Next, you will set up the language, time zone and keyboard. The hostname is the name of the computer. Mine is fullstack. As identified at the command line and window frame.
Next, domain name for networking and I selected the default, local.
Debian builds in an administrative-only user, called root, requiring a password, and then set up a regular user account for yourself. Mine is paul.
Next is partitioning, and in my case I selected the
UEFI mode using the
whole hard drive,
option on one partition. Where prompted I set up an 8GB
swap partition matching my RAM size and kicked off
the base system installation.
A mirror is next, and it's where Debian will go to download software. Now you will be prompted to select system software, including GUI desktops, and a web server for Apache. In fact, when I point my client browser to the same IP address, it is already set up, and I will show you how to do this in another tutorial.
Also a print and SSH server, which we're using now and other standard
system utilities, like
info and others will be loaded.
That's it, good luck on your end. One other suggestion is the review the Debian Installation Manual.
Again, your path will likely not match mine exactly, as my playground will look different, but stick with it because it's well worth it in the end.
I invite you to stick around here, or jump in for the parts you're interested in as they develop, as we move towards becoming a Data Scientist.
Here is a picture of some of the software we're building on this Linux Server.
And, excitingly, now that our Server is set up, in the next tutorial we'll discuss SSH, which is how I'm using my Windows client to talk to the server.
Have a nice day.
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