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Learn to view the directory location at the Linux command line.
Videos can also be accessed from the Linux Essentials Playlist on YouTube.
Linux pwd Command Summary with Examples (3:18)
Our sixth word, or command to memorize is
pwd from the category Navigation.
pwd allows you to print the name of
the current directory, sometimes called the working directory. It's
always a good idea to know where you are, right? And
pwd will tell you where you are in
the computer's directory structure.
||Print help on the pwd program|
||Print the version of pwd|
If it helps, think of commands as mini programs and most have this
structure. First, type the
command, second the
-option(s) and third the
pwd command has 4
options and no arguments, meaning the current directory is assumed and
you don't need to enter it.
For now, we'll skip the options because they are rarely used, but you
can use the
man command from video 4
if you are curious.
So why is
pwd an important command?
Well, it is easy to get lost in the maze of a file structure, so
pwd helps you find exactly where
And now you know how to do that.
Okay, the best way to embed this in your memory is by typing in your own terminal window.
Find this on your Mac using a program called Terminal. On Linux use Terminal or Konsole, and currently Microsoft is adding this functionality to Windows 10.
Here we go, type
pwd and Enter for
the directory name and path from the starting point, or root, as they
It helps to visualize the directory structure on Linux as a tree, and
the root is the name given to the base, or starting point. It is
depicted with the forward slash. In that we have the
home directory and within that is a
paul, which is my
own private directory. We'll explore this structure in future videos.
Okay now you know how to use
And you know the syntax for commands, options and arguments.
One last tip about the
Later we will see how to use permissions to keep others' eyes out
of your directory.
Okay, thanks for visiting today. I hope this was a fun introduction
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