Learn to run a command as a superuser at the Linux command line.
Linux sudo command summary with examples (3:41)
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Our seventy-ninth word, or command to memorize is
sudo from our category
sudo allows you to run a command as
Recall from the previous video (tutorial) on
su we logged in as another user.
Now we'll take a superuser role temporarily to run commands as an
administrator, also known as a superuser.
Before we start, it helps to think of commands as mini programs and
most follow this structure:
command -option(s) argument(s).
sudo command has
25 options, and the argument is the command to execute
or a file to open.
Like most commands, help is available with double-dash
--help. For files, the
-e command goes right in to a default
-l lists what you can do,
assuming you are a superuser.
So why is
sudo an important command?
Well, we need to limit access to adminstrative duties like installing
software, viewing logs and configuration files.
And now you know how to do that.
Okay, the best way to embed this in your memory is by typing in your own terminal window.
Find this on your Mac using a program called Terminal. On Linux use Terminal or Konsole, and currently Microsoft is adding this functionality to Windows.
Here we go. Let's say I have a backup script called
video79.script that Jennifer wants
to run periodically, so I'll make her a copy.
First, do a
cp video79.script /home/jennifer.
And notice, an error. I can't access others' directories unless I'm
superuser, so add
sudo on the front.
And there we go.
Then, let's do an
ls -og for
permissions, or mode, from video (tutorial) #75.
And she can't execute this right? So let's do a
sudo chmod 500, from the octals in
video (tutorial) #75, with 5 for read and execute, applying to the
owner only, and 0 0 for the others.
And then last, let's give her ownership with a
sudo chown jennifer the owner,
:jennifer the group, then the file
name and there we go. Then let's do an
ls -l to verify we have done
everything correctly here.
Okay now you know how to use
And you know the syntax for commands, options and arguments.
One last tip about the
command. So please make some time to practice these commands it does
take a little bit of work, and next, we'll learn about passwords.
Okay, thanks for visiting today. I hope this was a helpful
introduction to the
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sucommand, hit Back.
passwdcommand, click Next.